園藝的定義

園藝簡單地說是指關於花卉、蔬菜、果樹之類作物的栽培方法。確切來說是指有關蔬菜、果樹、花卉、食用菌、觀賞樹木等的栽培和繁育的技術,一般比較精細。相應地分為果樹園藝、蔬菜園藝和觀賞園藝。
從字面上來看,園藝一詞是“園”加“藝”的集合,“園”字在這裡的意思是指種植蔬菜、花木的地方,“藝”字則是指技能、技術。“藝”字作為動詞時,本義是“種植”的意思。園藝一詞,原指在圍籬保護的園囿內進行的植物栽培。現代園藝雖早已打破了這種局限,但仍是比其他作物種植更為集約的栽培經營方式。
英語中對"horticulture"的基本定義是"Horticulture(Latin:hortus(gardenplant)+cultura(culture)) is classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. Horticulturists work in plant propagation, cropproduction, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, plant physiology, and the storage, processing, and transportation of fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf. They improve crop yield, quality, nutrition alvalue, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environment alstresses. Genetics is alsoused as avaluable tool in the development of plants that can synthesize chemicals for fighting disease(includingcancers)."
園藝業是農業種植業生產中的一個重要組成部分,對豐富人類營養和美化、改善人類生存環境有重要意義。在園藝學上,園藝通常是指與園地栽培有關的集約種植的農作物及其栽培、繁育、加工利用技術,為農業及種植業的重要組成部分。